Single Agents in Cancer Chemotherapy by Robert B. Livingston, Stephen K. Carter (auth.)

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By Robert B. Livingston, Stephen K. Carter (auth.)

The scientific trials application of anti-tumor medicinal drugs was once all started via the nationwide melanoma Institute in 1955. long ago 15 years, this nationwide community has accrued a wide physique of information on the entire famous anti-tumor medicines in addition to upon new, experimentally promising brokers. whereas crucial of those reviews were released, there has remained a wealth of knowledge now not quite often on hand to the medical neighborhood. Drs. Carter and Livingston haven't in basic terms succeeded in organ~z~ng this huge corpus, they've got furthermore analyzed and interpreted the scientific information in a manner that would be hugely invaluable for future years. From a perusal of this quantity it turns into obvious that a few medicines are extra energetic opposed to definite tumors than were discovered; that the facts for the task of sure medications opposed to particular tumors is usually tenuous; unusually, that a few hugely lively brokers have by no means been attempted opposed to a number of the quite universal tumors. Their huge paintings has supplied not just entry to the not easy information, it has additionally proven the necessity for examine to fill in vital gaps in our wisdom. The authors and the IFI/Plenum Press are to be congratulated for this beneficial and demanding paintings. C. Gordon Zubrod, M. D. medical Director for Chemotherapy nationwide melanoma Institute nationwide Institutes of wellbeing and fitness Bethesda, Maryland v Acknowledgment The authors desire to thank Dr. C. Gordon Zubrod and Dr.

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Single Agents in Cancer Chemotherapy

The medical trials application of anti-tumor medicines was once began via the nationwide melanoma Institute in 1955. some time past 15 years, this nationwide community has accumulated a wide physique of knowledge on the entire famous anti-tumor medicines in addition to upon new, experimentally promising brokers. whereas crucial of those reviews were released, there has remained a wealth of knowledge now not often on hand to the medical neighborhood.

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Repeat ~ 4 wks later. 1 CR. 4 mg/kg x 1, IV (HN ) - unmaintained. Children. 1 CR, 4 PR, witt median duration 54 days. HN 2-+O CR, 1 PR of 11, with duration 51 days. 2 mg/kg/day, PO as tolerated. vinblastine-+l CR, 5 PR of 17. 30-40 mg/kg x 1, IV; then (after 2-6 wks for marrow recovery), 3 mg/kg/day, PO. 1 mg/kg q 7-14 days, for 3 mo (HN 2 ). All PRo HN 2-+2 CR, 6 PR of 14. 5 mg/kg/day x 6, then 6-20 (usually 10) mg/kg/wk or q 2 wks, IV; (2) 45-100 mg/kg x 1, IV, then 75-100% of initial dose as soon as peripheral blood count began to rise (usually 19-23 days), and again as tolerated.

2) 30 mg/kg x 1, IV, then 10-15 mg/kg q 1-2 wks after WBC recovery to ~ 4000. 3 mo. WCCG study. Total. 5 mg/kg/day x 6, IV, then 6-20 mg/kg (usually 10 mg/kg)/wk or q 2 wks. (2) 45-100 mg/kg x 1, IV, then 75 to 100% of initial dose "as soon as peripheral blood count began to show a rebound from its lowest point", usually in 19-23 days, and again as tolerated. o 1 8 Varied. PR; ECOG study. 3 mg/kg/day, IV or PO, x 5-35 days. (Majority received total dose in 5 days). Phase I study. PRo 1 gm/day x 7, IV or PO.

0 CR. Children. ) -l'- " m C ~ » ::J: "lJ oCI> ::J: "lJ 5 ~ () 56 49 2 122 24 7 10 2 219 49 78 79 4 5 51. 5 73 17 33 % Response 72 /I Pts Responding /I Pts Evaluated Ref II Total, intermittent induction schedules. Total. CR in 28/93 evaluated = 30%. CR in 9/60 evaluated in American studies = 15%. · Uracil mustard (UM) +1/6, HN2 +1/6 responses. MST = 5 mo for CTX-, 5 mo for UM-, and 3 mo for HN2-treated patients. 5 gm/m x 1, IV; repeated q 3 wks as tolerated. 1 CR. 4 mg/kg x 1, IV (HN 2 ) , then daily PO maintenance (chlorambucil).

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