Camp Chase and the Evolution of Union Prison Policy by Roger Pickenpaugh

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By Roger Pickenpaugh

Camp Chase used to be a massive Union POW camp and likewise served at numerous occasions as a Union army education facility and as quarters for Union squaddies who were taken prisoner by way of the Confederacy and published on parole or exchanged. As such, this cautious, thorough, and aim exam of the historical past and management of the camp could be of actual value within the literature at the Civil conflict.

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Extra resources for Camp Chase and the Evolution of Union Prison Policy

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From the city they marched the four miles to Camp Chase. The frozen ground had thawed, and the march was a muddy one. Campbell ended up in Prison 1, one of three adjoining prisons at the camp. It and Prison 2 were small, holding only a few hundred captives. Prison 3 was larger. It had recently housed Union trainees, and at the time of Campbell’s arrival was not yet ready to house the Confederates. Tod had kept his promise to Halleck that Camp Chase would be ready to accommodate a thousand prisoners, but with the largest of the prisons not yet available, those accommodations were less than desirable.

49 In early July 1862, a group of prisoners in Prison 3 attempted to dig their way out of camp. Camp officials discovered the plot, and on July 8 the prisoners in the rooms where the tunnels were located were placed on half rations and denied mail privileges and candles. The rations were restored two days later. Writing home about the incident, members of the Eighty-fifth Ohio said fifty guards were sent to investigate rumors concerning the tunnels. “The investigation confirmed the rumor,” they wrote.

Louis late on the 20th. The next day the enlisted men were sent to the Camp Douglas prison in Chicago. The officers were transferred to the Hiawatha, which was anchored offshore. ” Southern sympathizers from the city approached on ferryboats and attempted to supplement the prisoners’ rations by throwing apples to them. Federal officials arrested some of them and threatened others. After remaining six days in the middle of the Mississippi aboard the Hiawatha, the men were taken to the Illinois shore and marched a mile.

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