Autonomy and Judaism: The Individual and the Community in by Daniel H. Frank

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By Daniel H. Frank

This quantity brings jointly top philosophers of Judaism at the factor of autonomy within the Jewish culture. Addressing themselves to the connection of the person Jew to the Jewish neighborhood and to the area at huge, a few choices are systematic in scope, whereas others are extra traditionally centred. The authors handle concerns starting from the earliest expressions of person human achievement within the Bible and medieval Jewish discussions of the human reliable to trendy discussions of the need for the Jew to keep up either a Jewish sensibility in addition to an energetic engagement within the sleek pluralistic kingdom. individuals comprise Eugene Borowitz, Elliot N. Dorff, Daniel H. Frank, Robert Gibbs, Lenn E. Goodman, Ze’ev Levy, Kenneth Seeskin, and Martin D. Yaffe.

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To the degree that the will is rational, or can be looked upon as rational in principle, suicide is always against one's will.  The fact of relevation, that God gave the Torah to Moses on Sinai, pales into insiginificance compared with the moral certitude of what was revealed.  They are in a literal sense what I myself regard as necessary.  Why Believe in Autonomy?  The objection to heteronomy comes in two parts.  Unless we take care to insure that the law is in accord with our idea of perfection, we run the risk of taking something less than perfect and making it an object of ultimate concern.

236.  Dodds, ibid.  133.  270–84.  Harvey thinks Maimonides is actually committed to an Aristotelian position, but that this position need not imply determinism.  275–304.  279.  Frank 1985.  494–95.  129–36.  104.  41–42.  68.  79.  76.  122.  65–77.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  118–72. " Modern Judaism 4: 39–55. " Ethics 99: 109–24.  New York: Frederick Ungar.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.  31–77.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The only 'proof' that can be given is moral: if everything were determined by natural causes, it would be meaningless to say that something ought to be done (A547=B575). Page 31 So even the most rudimentary moral theory requires us to think of human beings as the source of their own behavior.  And if there is such a law, what is its origin?  Notice the qualification: universal law.  Instead of coming from an external source, and requiring a system of rewards and punishments to insure obedience, it expresses the dictates of our own rationality.

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