By Martin Blumenson
Anzio, a small city a trifling hour's force from Rome, turned a battleground on which either Allies and Germans paid a bloody rate. deliberate by means of Churchill as a speedy amphibious flanking maneuver, the 1943 conflict of Anzio has been seen by way of a few as probably the most ill-conceived tactical operations of the Allied conflict attempt, and through others as one of many war's singular misplaced possibilities. Blumenson examines the activities of the lads concerned, together with Churchill, Eisenhower, Clark, and Montgomery, and takes under consideration files from Allied and German assets.
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Extra resources for Anzio The Gamble That Failed
THE STALEMATE Offsetting these advantages were two factors on the Al- lied side: the overwhelming superiority of artillery tion supplies and the wealth of [29 ammuni- wheeled and tracked vehicles and equipment. Whereas the Germans had always to watch their ammunition expenditures carefully, the Allies, and par- were comparatively wasteful; the Allies preferred to saturate their targets. Developed in Italy to the point of perfection was the technique of massing numerous battalions of artillery, sometimes as many as 40 at one time, on a given target, all the shells calculated to descend on the ticularly the Americans, on target employed with target simultaneously.
With better Allies. The Rome was admirably suited for Autumn and winter weather would hamper terrain south of defensive warfare. Allied offensive operations and curtail Allied air power. Kesselring's forces had been in continuous retreat since November, 1942; for almost a year, from to just north of Naples. In the it was time for the Germans just short of Alexandria, Egypt, view of the Allied commander, to stop, to retain as much of Italy And it was troop morale and political reasons. as possible for desirable to give a certain semblance of authority to the re- Mus- cently created Republican Fascist government under solini by letting it have as much territory as possible to gov- German supervision.
Put over. Despite the promise made at an uneasy what he had Cairo-Teheran that nothing would be permitted to interfere with and southern France, he had pushed through OVERLORD a course of action commitment. up Alexander. He had dragged along Eisenhower and Smith, who had been most reluctant, in view of inconsistent with his earlier He had fired THE DECISION [49 impending departure, to influence the discussions and their who had consequently refrained from active participation in the decision.