Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain by Keith W. Waldron

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By Keith W. Waldron

This booklet offers a accomplished and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion techniques utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the e-book studies advancements in biorefining approaches, by way of a evaluation of other different types of biorefinery platform. the second one 1/2 the ebook discusses the big variety of extra worth items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.

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Extra info for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation

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P FA LT Z G R A F F and J. H. 3 Abstract: Today fossil resources supply 86% of our energy and 96% of organic chemicals. Future petroleum production is unlikely to meet our society’s growing needs. Green chemistry is an area which is attracting increasing interest as it provides unique opportunities for innovation via use of clean and green technologies, product substitution and the use of renewable feedstocks such as dedicated crops or food supply chain by-products for the production of bio-derived chemicals, materials and fuels.

2 kJ/g, which can be demineralized to avoid alkali corrosion during combustion due to the formation of alkali ash. 2. Bio-oil (21 wt%) with a reduced water (1%) and acid content (pH 7) compared to oils obtained by fast pyrolysis at temperature above 350°C, requiring less downstream processing to be used in blends with crude oil for chemical and fuel production. 3. An aqueous solution (36 wt% together with the second aqueous fraction) made of formic acid, formaldehyde, acetic acid and acetaldehyde, all of which represent interesting starting materials for further downstream chemistry.

The use of renewable, typically biomass for carbon, instead of finite resources is becoming more economically and environmentally sound, being one of the main areas of research in green chemistry along with clean synthesis, greener solvents and renewable materials. Biomass is also a resource which can be renewed within a time interval relevant to our resource consumption (see Fig. 1), biomass being a ‘biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms’. 1) will, in the near future, embrace life cycle considerations and introduce specifications along the whole supply chain for new and existing products on biomass content, and will further discourage the use of fossil resources in favour of renewable feedstocks such as biomass including bio-wastes.

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