A History of Philosophy (Part I: Hobbes to Paley, Vol 5, by Frederick Copleston

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By Frederick Copleston

Philosophy

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1000/- obtained in a stream of Rs. 100/- per year for 10 years. The former is worth more than the later. Based on this principle an attempt is made to discount all income receivable at various points of time during the life of a given project. Similarly expenditure on a project also may be spread over a number of years and one may find its present worth. Here discounting is the act of taking a sum in the future and calculating its present value, assuming some particular rate of return. Discounting can be considered inverse of compounding.

Annual Cash flow in Rs. Life In years A 25000 3000 10 8 3000 1000 5 C 12000 2000 8 0 20000 4000 10 E 40000 8000 10 Solution: Assuming scrap value to be zero and depreciation rate to be linear, we can find depreciation for each proposal by dividing the investment from life in years. 20 10,000 E: 40000 = 20,000 2 40000 = 4000 10 8000-4000=4000 4000 = 020 20,000 A 25000 = 12500 2 25000 = 2500 10 3000-2500=500 ~=004 12500 27 Methods for Comparing Investment Alternatives Thus the ranking of the proposals are C, B, D, E and A.

2,00,000 2,50,000 Scrap value after 15 yrs. in Rs. 1,50,000 1,80,000 25,000 30,000 Excess of annual revenue over disbursements in Rs. 772. ·So we should use the last basis approach to make a final decision. Now for Plan A: Total cost =200,000 (CAF-1O%-15) -1,50,000 = Rs. 6,85,400. 22 Methods for Comparing Investment Alternatives The annual income projected over 15 years =25000 (CAFS-1O%-15) = R<;. 7,94,300 Thus net Profit in Plan A = Revenue-Cost = Rs. 7,94,300 - Rs. 6,85,400 = Rs. 1,08,900 Similarly for Plan B the net profit will be Rs.

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